The Moon: Apollo Missions
- Six of the missions (Apollos 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, and 17)
achieved the goal of landing humans on the Moon and bring them safely back to Earth
- Apollos 7 and 9 were Earth orbiting missions to test the
Command and Lunar Modules, and did not return lunar data.
- Apollos 8 and 10
tested various components while orbiting the Moon, and returned photography of
the lunar surface.
- Apollo 13 did not land on the Moon due to a malfunction,
but also returned photographs.
- The six missions that landed on the Moon returned
a wealth of scientific data and almost 400 kilograms of lunar samples.
- Experiments included soil mechanics, meteoroids, seismic, heat flow, lunar
ranging, magnetic fields, and solar wind experiments.
The crew of Apollo 11:
Commander Neil A. Armstrong, Command Module pilot Michael Collins,
Lunar Module pilot Edwin A. Aldrin, Jr. May 1, 1969.
The first manned journey to the
Moon began at Pad A, Launch Complex 39, Kennedy Space Center, Florida with the
liftoff of Apollo 11 at 9:32 a.m. EDT on July 16, 1969.
Aldrin joined Armstrong on the surface less than fifteen minutes later, in this
photo taken by Armstrong. As he left the LM, Aldrin said, "Now I want to
partially close the hatch, making sure not to lock it on my way out."
"A good thought." replied Armstrong.
As a result of this exploration, many
were found because of lunar exploration
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